Poland Employer Committee was found in 1989. It is the largest employer committee in Poland. The committee has direct influence on industrial and commercial enterprises. The committee includes 12000 large enterprises, includes some large enterprises, banks, and law offices that has many years trade ties with China. The main purpose of the committee is to help enterprises enhance the ability in both national and international market. This committee could: promote direct connection and communication with governments; evaluate overseas market and find business partners; develop new business development prospects for Poland enterprises; manage meetings with foreign enterprises and assist Poland companies to deal with the difficulties encountered in foreign markets.
Polish agriculture is characterized by large fragmentation – the average area of agricultural land (UR) per 1 holding, is gradually increasing, and in 2014 reached to 10.3 ha of agricultural lands (in 2011 9.1 ha, and in 2002 5.8 ha). Despite a certain acceleration of concentration, a little over halve holdings in Poland (51%) uses no more than 5 ha of UR. Those holdings together hold 12.7% of UR. Nearly 75% of holdings use less than 10 ha of UR, and their total share in agricultural lands is 27.7%. These normally operate using traditional methods, with low mineral fertilizing and chemical plant protection products use, as well as industrial fodder in livestock alimentation, especially cattle. Next, nearly 31% of agricultural lands is used by holdings of 10-30 ha. More than 72 000 holdings (5.2%) occupy an area of more than 30 ha of UR, amounting to little more than 6 million ha of UR, i.e. 41.3% of agricultural lands.
The overall number of holdings is dominated by those of an area less than 10 ha of UR (nearly 73%), which use 27.8% of UR. The visible, gradual changes in the agricultural holdings structure, cause a growing number of large area holdings. They also have an increasingly greater share in the use of agricultural land. The share of farms of total area of 50 ha and more in the use of agricultural land in 2005, was 25.1% and has increased to 31.2% in 2014 . Despite the unfavourable agrarian structure and a worse, as compared to other EU member states, quality of agricultural production space, Poland is a major global and European agricultural, horticultural and animal producer, with a significant workforce.
Currently the global value of agricultural holdings’ production in Poland (in current prices) laces Polish agriculture at 7th place in the European Union behind France, Germany, Italy, Spain, Great Britain, and the Netherlands. The greatest share in the commodity structure of agricultural production in 2014 was had by: cow milk (18.6%), pork livestock (13.9%), poultry livestock (13.5%), cereals (13.3%), vegetables (9.1%), industrial plants (7.3%), beef and veal livestock (6.3%), chicken eggs (5.7%) and fruit (5.1%).
Poland also has a significant share in production in the EU-28. In 2014, it was the largest producer of apples (26.4% in the EU-28), poultry meat (15.1%), carrots (16%), white cabbage (31.4%), triticale (39%), blackcurrant (75%), champignons (27.6%), the second largest producer of rye, oat (18.6%), strawberries (18.8%), and the third largest producer of cereals (9.3%), sugar beets (9%), rapeseed (12.8%), onions (10%), potatoes (11.4%) (Fig. 4). Poland is also a significant producer of: milk, cheese, butter, tomatoes and tobacco.
Soil and climate conditions, as well as regional traditions are the main determinants regarding production specialization. Central, eastern and northern Poland are areas of rye cereal mixes and corn cultivations, as well as grasslands. Orchards and berry plantations are mainly focused in the Mazowieckie (the Grójecki region), Lubelskie , Wielkopolskie and £ódzkie Provinces, as well as the Sandomierz region. Plants with higher soil and climatic requirements are more often cultivated in south-eastern and western Poland, and in the ¯uawy and Warmia regions. These are mostly intensive cereals, i.e. wheat, as well as sugar beets and of rapeseed.
Dairy cattle rearing is mainly concentrated in the Podlaskie, Mazowieckie, Warmińsko-Mazurskie and Wielkopolskie Provinces, and swine in Wielkopolskie and Kujawsko-Pomorskie. Larger sheep holdings are only present in the mountain region (Małopolskie and Podkarpackie Provinces).
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